Forskere: Kunstige livmor kan erstatte kvinner

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Teknokrater oppfinner fordi de kan, ikke fordi det er et presserende behov for å gjøre det. Dette er en forløper for inkubatorreproduksjon som beskrevet i Huxleys bok fra 1932, Brave New World, og er allerede knyttet til at homofile menn kan 'få babyer'. ⁃ TN Editor

Ideen om å vokse babyer utenfor kroppen har inspirert romaner og filmer i flere tiår.

Nå undersøker forskergrupper over hele verden muligheten for kunstig svangerskap. For eksempel en gruppe vokste med hell et lam i en kunstig livmor i fire uker. Australske forskere har også eksperimentert med kunstig svangerskap for lam og haier.

Og de siste ukene forskere i Nederland har mottatt € 2.9m ($ 4.66m) for å utvikle en prototype for drektige premature babyer.

Så det er viktig å vurdere noen av de etiske problemene denne teknologien kan føre til.

Hva er en kunstig livmor?

Å dyrke en baby utenfor livmoren er kjent som ektogenese (eller eksogenese). Og vi bruker allerede en form for det. Når premature barn blir overført til humidicribs for å fortsette sin utvikling i en nyfødt enhet, er det delvis ektogenese.

Men en kunstig livmor kan forlenge perioden et foster kunne gestuseres utenfor kroppen. Etter hvert kan vi kanskje gjøre unna menneskelige livmor helt.

Dette kan høres langsiktig ut, men mange forskere som jobber med reproduktiv bioteknologi mener at med den nødvendige vitenskapelige og juridiske støtten er full ektogenese en reell mulighet for fremtiden.

Hva ville en kunstig livmor inneholde?

En kunstig livmor ville trenge et ytre skall eller kammer. Det er et sted å implantere embryoet og beskytte det når det vokser. Så langt har dyreforsøk brukt acrylic tanksplastics bags and uterine tissues removed from an organism and artificially kept alive.

An artificial womb would also need a synthetic replacement for amniotic fluid, a shock absorber in the womb during natural pregnancy.

Finally, there would have to be a way to exchange oxygen and nutrients (so oxygen and nutrients in and carbon dioxide and waste products out). In other words, researchers would have to build an artificial placenta.

Animal experiments have used a complex catheter and pump systems. But there are plans to use a mini version of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, a technique that allows blood to be oxygenated outside the body.

Once these are in place, artificial gestation could one day become as common as IVF is today, a technique considered revolutionary a few decades ago.

And just as in the case of IVF, there are many who are concerned about what this new realm of reproductive medicine might mean for the future of creating a family.

So what are some of the ethical considerations?

Artificial wombs could help premature babies

The main discussion about artificial wombs has focused on their potential benefit in increasing the survival rate of extremely premature babies.

I dag, those born earlier than XNUMX weeks gestation have little-to-no hope of survival. And those born at XNUMX weeks are likely to suffer a range of disabilities.

Using a sealed “biobag,” which mimics the maternal womb might help extremely premature babies survive and improve their quality of life.

A biobag provides oxygen, a type of substitute amniotic fluid, umbilical cord access and all necessary water and nutrients (and medicine, if required). This could potentially allow the gestational period to be prolonged outside the womb until the baby has developed sufficiently to live independently and with good health prospects.

An artificial womb might provide an optimum environment for the fetus to grow, providing it with the appropriate balance of hormones and nutrients. It would also avoid exposing the growing fetus to external harms such as infectious diseases.

The technology might also make it easier to perform surgery on the fetus if needed.

And it could see the end of long-term hospital stays for premature infants, saving health care dollars in the process. This is particularly noteworthy considering some of the largest private insurance payments​ are currently for neonatal intensive care unit expenses.

Artificial wombs could help with infertility and fertility

This emerging reproductive technology may allow women who are infertile, either due to physiological or social reasons, ​with the chance of having a child. It may also offer opportunities for transgender women and other women born without a uterus, or those who have lost their uterus due to cancer, injury or medical conditions, to have children.

Similarly, it could allow single men and gay male couples to become parents without needing a surrogate.

Will this lead to a broader discussion about gender roles and equality in reproduction? Will it remove potential risks and expectations of pregnancy and childbirth currently only affecting women? Will this eliminate commercial surrogacy?

Equally, artificial wombs could help fertile women who for health or personal reasons choose not to be pregnant. It would allow those whose career choices, medication or lifestyle might otherwise expose a developing fetus to malformation or abnormality.

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TheTruthBurns

If you are born with a Vagina understand that you are being Eliminated. Between Transfaggotry, Fake Wombs, AI Sex Dolls & Muslims there will be No Need for Females.

Time to Evolve

Absurd, then males too since artificial sperm can be produced as well. IT’s abnormal and barbaric parasitical embryo destroying a woman’s body giving life time of complication inside out to feed on her for nearly a yr then birthing atrocity. We are in a time of evolution and women needs to be equal, that will happen only when the pregnancy has been eliminated.

Random person

Well actually artificial wombs are safer option then artificial sperm. First off all tests were made on mices well some succed to give birth to mices born that way but some of them had abnormal “traits” the most impact had the fact that mice lived only XNUMX months while they usually live for years also normal pregnancy procedure wont give XNUMX% chance that children born that way will be healthy but its definitely still more safe than artificial sperm besides we dont know how this would impact women so literally every woman which decides to do that even with female... Les mer "

NNG

They always start by telling us that its awesome for good! But this coincides with a report I read today, “Existence of woman is un-Islamic’. You see it? https://www.theisraelwire.com/?p=185391 This is why Sodom was destroyed. You say men can’t have babies? Oh, you say Islam hates homosexuals? Think again! Satan hated Eve from the beginning because she was the mother of all living, he also knows what God hates, and so to tempt man for destruction. Eve’s name means ‘life’ or ‘life giver’. Genesis XNUMX:XNUMX

Isa

What are you smoking? You have no clue. Islamic revelation gave woman many rights prior to any human rights in any where in the world. Too busy digesting the media content and not enough time processing information on your own.

Patrick Wood

Oh yes, many rights. For instance, a wife now has the right to be beaten by her husband as long as there is no bruising on the face or head and no blood drawn.

Susan_W

God gave women rights long before islam was invented in the XNUMXth century. Women in islam are “domestic animals” according to your pagan moon God. You can own up to four and are allowed to beat rape and even murder them after all the husband owns so can do as he wills with his non human property.